Refractive Error

Supportive Management

(For maintaining general eye health)

  • Maintain a healthy diet containing green leafy vegetables, varieties of fruit, and fish rich in omega-3 oils (e.g. sardines, tuna, anchovies, and salmon).
  • Use a pair of eyeglasses or contact lenses with prescription that is most accurate.
  • Use sunglasses that are anti-glare or those that block ultraviolet (UV) rays.
  • Have better lighting in the home. Turn on lights or add more lights to improve vision.
  • Manage underlying health conditions that can adversely affect vision (e.g. diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and other cardiovascular diseases).
  • Have routine eye check-ups.

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Herbal Medicine

  • Anti-oxidant-rich foods
    • For promotion of eye health
    • Consume varieties of fruits and vegetables. Consume by eating liberally or by including in cooked meals.
      • Lutein-rich foods: mango, carrots, corn, dark leafy vegetables, sweet potatoes, squash
      • Zeaxanthin-rich foods: orange, corn, orange bell pepper, honeydew melon
      • Vitamin-A-(Beta-carotene)-rich foods: dark leafy vegetables, sweet potatoes, carrots
      • Vitamin-C-rich foods: citrus fruits (calamansi, orange, orange, grapes, lemon), broccoli, tomatoes, berries
      • Vitamin-E-rich foods: avocado, sweet potato, almonds, spinach, pumpkin seeds, sesame seeds, broccoli, papaya
      • Zinc-rich foods: spinach, kidney beans, pumpkin seeds, watermelon seeds


Consult optometrist or ophthalmologist:

  • For appropriate diagnosis and intervention (e.g. corrective glasses, contact lenses, or refractive surgery).