Supportive Management

  • Use a pair of eyeglasses or contact lenses with prescription that is most accurate.
  • Have better lighting in the home. Turn on lights or add more lights to improve vision.
  • Use a magnifying glass to be able to read better.
  • Use sunglasses that are anti-glare or those that block ultraviolet B (UVB) rays.
  • Wear sunglasses and wide-brimmed hat or visor to reduce glare from sunlight.


  • Quit smoking.
  • Avoid excessive alcohol use.
    *Note: 1 drink is equivalent to 12 ounces of beer or 5 ounces of wine
  • If male: do not have more than 2 alcoholic drinks per day
  • If female: do not have more than 1 alcoholic drink per day
  • Avoid spending too much time under the sun without wearing sunglasses than block UV rays.
  • Manage other health conditions that may increase risk for development of cataract (e.g. diabetes mellitus)
  • Have regular eye check-ups. If with no underlying health condition that affects the eye (e.g. diabetes mellitus), see ophthalmologist at least once in 2 years until 50 years old. After 50 years old, set an appointment with an ophthalmologist yearly.

Download PDF

Supportive Management requires Adobe Reader plugin to view the PDF file. Click here to download Adobe Reader.

Herbal Medicine

  • Anti-oxidant-rich foods
    • For protection of eyes from oxidative stress that causes cataracts; for prevention or delay of progression of cataract; for promotion of eye health
    • Consume varieties of fruits and vegetables. Consume by eating liberally or by including in cooked meals.
      • Lutein-rich foods: mango, carrots, corn, dark leafy vegetables, sweet potatoes, squash
      • Zeaxanthin-rich foods: orange, corn, orange bell pepper, honeydew melon
      • Vitamin-A-(Beta-carotene)-rich foods: dark leafy vegetables, sweet potatoes, carrots
      • Vitamin-C-rich foods: citrus fruits (calamansi, orange, orange, grapes, lemon), broccoli, tomatoes, berries
      • Vitamin-E-rich foods: avocado, sweet potato, almonds, spinach, pumpkin seeds, sesame seeds, broccoli, papaya
      • Zinc-rich foods: spinach, kidney beans, pumpkin seeds, watermelon seeds


Consult doctor:

  • For appropriate diagnosis and management.